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α-cubebenoate from Schisandra chinensis extracts.

Date:2016/3/21 17:28:17

Schisandra chinensis Extracts have been used as an anti-fatigue and tonic agent. Because chronic fatigue syndrome is related to inflammatory and oxidative stress, we assessed whether Schisandra chinensis has anti-inflammatory constituents and studied the effect of a novel α-cubebenoate isolated from Schisandra chinensis Extracts

MATERIALS AND METHODS: α-Cubebenoate was isolated from an extract of Schisandra chinensis fruits. The inductions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were quantified by RT-PCR and Western blotting in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were also measured in the media by Griess reagent and EIA method. A mouse model of LPS-induced peritonitis was used to test the in vivo efficacy of α-cubebenoate. 

RESULTS: α-Cubebenoate (5-10μg/ml) inhibited the Schisandra chinensis Extracts inductions of iNOS and COX-2 in mouse peritoneal macrophages at the mRNA and protein levels. LPS-induced productions of NO and PGE2 were inhibited by α-cubebenoate (5-10μg/ml). 

In addition, α-cubebenoate inhibited the LPS-induced activation of JNK, but not those of ERK and p38 MAPK in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Furthermore, in the LPS-induced in vivo peritonitis model, α-cubebenoate (1mg/kg) strongly inhibited the accumulation of polymorph nuclear lymphocytes in the peritoneal cavity. CONCLUSION: α-Cubebenoate inhibited LPS-induced expression of iNOS and COX-2 in a concentration-dependent manner, thereby suppressing productions Schisandra chinensis Extracts of NO and PGE2 in vitro in peritoneal macrophages. α-Cubebenoate also inhibited LPS-induced accumulation of polymorph nuclear lymphocytes in LPS-induced peritonitis model in vivo. α-Cubebenoate may act as an anti-fatigue constituent of Schisandra chinensis through anti-inflammation and could be of therapeutic use as a treatment for inflammatory diseases. Copyright 08 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.